Article 1

Biomede is a non-profit association governed by the present statutes and, secondly, by Articles 60 et seq. of the Swiss Civil Code. It is neutral politically, and non-denominational. 

Article 2

The Organization's headquarters are located in Via Peri 9D, Lugano, Canton Tessin (TI), Switzerland
The Association shall be of unlimited duration. 

Article 3

The Association shall pursue the following aims:

Promote the knowledge of orthodontic biomechanics as an essential background to practice orthodontics, whatever are the diagnostic principles and the used therapeutical technique.

Recommend a minimum standard of biomechanics knowledge for a safe orthodontic practice.

Help researchers and clinical practitioners in the field to stay in touch and work on common researches.

Offer orthodontic biomechanics courses to dental practitioners. 

Certify the quality of orthodontic biomechanics courses.

Article 4

The Association's resources are derived from:

  • donations and legacies;

  • sponsorship;

  • public subsidies;

  • membership feeds;

  • profits from scientific meetings;

  • any other resources authorized by the law.

The funds shall be used in accordance with the Association's social aims.

Article 5

Any physical or moral person may become a member if

(i) they hold a valid dental license in any country

(i) they have demonstrated their dedication to the goals of the Association through their commitments or actions, and (ii) provided that they are not employed by the Association. 

Their application will be reviewed and by the executive committee and finally approved by the general assembly.

The Association is composed by:

  • founding members 

  • active members

  • honorary members

  • certified members

a. Founding members are automatically assimilated as active members. They will vote the same day of foundation for the first committee of the association.
Founding members will pay to the society a founding fee of CHF 1,500

b. Active Members. Can be active members clinical orthodontists and researchers
that have demonstrated their interest in the biomechanics field by:

  1.  Extensive publishing

  2.  Teaching expertise

  3. Clinical Activity

Requests to become an active member must be addressed to the Committee, together with a CV. The committee, represented by the Councilor in charge of Active Member admission, and eventually supported by two more active members chosen by the same Councilor, will evaluate the CV and eventually ask for an interview with the candidate before deciding on the admission. The term for a decision from the committee will be one year. The candidate will be confirmed or rejected as an active member at the first possible meeting of the society that he/she has to attend to achieve the membership if accepted.
Active members must pay a yearly due, and will have free participation in the biennial 
congress of the society.
Active members and honorary members are the only orthodontists who can hold biomechanics courses endorsed by the association.

c. Honorary members are appointed by the committee. They don’t have to pay the annual fee and have the right to hold biomechanics courses endorsed by the association. They don’t have the right of vote at the general assembly, nor they can be elected in the committee.

d. Certified members. Certified members are members that have followed Biomede Certified Courses collecting a minimum number of Biomede Cultural Credits (see ARTICLE 21) to be defined by the committee, and that apply to enter the society. Acceptation of Certified members is automatic (i.e. does not require an approval by the committee) if the candidate has achieved the required number of credits and attends the first possible general assembly after application to membership. Certified members must pay the annual fee and they are admitted freely to the biennal society meeting. They have no right of vote at the assembly nor they can be elected in the committee.

Membership ceases:

  • On death;

  • By written resignation thereby notifying the Committee at least six months before the end of the
    financial year;

  • By exclusion ordered by the Committee, for just cause, with a right of appeal to the General
    Assembly. Appeals must be lodged within 30 days of the Committee’s decision being notified;

  • For non-payment of dues for more than one year.

In all cases the membership fee for the current year remains due. Members who have resigned or who are excluded have no rights to any part of the Association’s assets.

Only the Association's assets may be used for obligations/commitments contracted in its name.
Members have no personal liability.

Certified Members that leave the association, cannot apply again Certified Member, but can
apply as Active Member.

Article 6

The Association shall include the following organs:

  1. General Assembly,

  2. Executive Committee,

  3. Founders Committee,

  4. Auditor.

General Assembly
Article 7

The General Assembly is the Association's supreme authority. It is composed of all the members.

It shall hold an Ordinary Meeting once a year. It may also hold an extraordinary session whenever necessary, at the request of the Committee or at least of one-third of its members.

Meetings can also take place with the remote connection of participants.

The General Assembly shall be considered valid regardless of the number of members present.
Members can attend the Meetings in person, by telephone or other electronic means.

The Committee shall inform the members in writing of the date of the General Assembly at least six weeks in advance.
The notification, including the proposed agenda, shall be sent to each member at least 10 days prior to the date of the meeting.

Article 8

The General Assembly:


  • Shall approve the admission and expulsion of members;

  • Appoints the members of the Committee and elects, at a minimum, the President, the Secretaryand the Treasurer;

  • Notes the contents of the reports and financial statements for the year and votes on their adoption;

  • Approves the annual budget;

  • Supervises the activity of other organs, which it may dismiss, stating the grounds therefor;

  • Appoints an auditor for the Organization's accounts;

  • Decides on any modification of statutes;

  • Decides on the dissolution of the Association;

  • Fixes the annual membership fees.

Article 9

The General Assembly is presided over by the President of the Association.

Article 10

Decisions of the General Assembly shall be taken by a majority vote of the members present. In case of deadlock, the President shall have the casting vote.

Decisions concerning the amendment of the Statutes and the dissolution of the Association must be approved by a two-thirds majority of the members present.

Article 11

Votes are by a show of hands. Voting can also take place by secret ballot, if at least five members request it.

Article 12

The agenda of the ordinary annual session of the General Assembly must include:


  • Approval of the Minutes of the previous General Assembly

  • Approval of the Committee’s annual Activity Report

  • Approval of the report of the Treasurer and of the Auditor

  • Setting of membership fees

  • Approval of the budget

  • Approval of reports and accounts

  • Election of Committee members and Auditor for the following year.

  • Miscellaneous business

Executive Committee
Article 13

The Committee is authorized to carry out all acts that further the purposes of the Association. It has the most extensive powers to manage the Association's day-to-day affairs.

Article 14

The Committee is composed by a minimum of 3 members elected by the General Assembly among the active members.

Roles in the committee are:


Up to seven adjunct members can be nominated by the president, at any time during his term of office, among active members as support to the committee. These adjunct members will have the right of vote in the committee only if their nomination has been approved by all the three members nominated by the general assembly.

The term of office of the members nominated by the general assembly shall last for 2 years and renewable 5 times. The term of office of adjunct members will last until the end of the term of office of the nominating president and there is no limit to new nominations.

The Committee meets as often as the Association's business requires.

Article 15

The Committee members work on a volunteer basis and as such can only be reimbursed for their actual expenses and travel costs. Potential attendance fees cannot exceed those paid for official commissions. For activities beyond the usual function, each Committee member is eligible for appropriate compensation.

The paid employees of the Association have only a consultative vote on the Committee.

Article 16

The functions of the Committee are:

  • to take the appropriate measures to achieve the goals of the Association;

  • to convene the ordinary and extraordinary General Assemblies;

  • to take decisions with regard to the admission of new members as well as the resignation and
    possible expulsion of members;

  • to ensure that Statutes are applied, to draft rules of procedure, and to administer the assets of
    the Association.

  • The Committee is presided over by the President of the Association.

  • Decisions of the Committee shall be taken by a majority vote of the members present. In case of
    deadlock, the President shall have the casting vote.

Founders Committee
Article 17

The founders committee includes only the founder members, has only a consultative role that can be requested by the President. The Founders Committee will cease twenty years after the foundation of the society, and will be replaced by a Past Presidents Committee, including three Past Presidents that will be elected by the General Assembly.

Article 18

Each year the General Assembly appoints two auditors. It may also entrust this task to a fiduciary company.

The General Assembly can waive the appointment of the Auditors if

  1. the Association is not subject to ordinary revision pursuant to article 69.b of the Swiss Civil Code

  2. The General Assembly unanimously agrees to the waiver

The auditors, if appointed, shall check the operating and annual accounts prepared by the committee and present a written and detailed report to the annual ordinary general meeting.

The Biennal Association Symposium 
Article 19

Every two years the association will organize a scientific symposium.
Speakers at the symposium can be active members of the association or non-members invited by one member of the committee. Invitations to non-members must be approved by the committee. The ratio between active members and non members speaking at the symposium must not be lower than 1, with the only exception of the first symposium.

Invited speakers cannot be invited to another association event, unless they are later on accepted as active members.

Biomede Certification of Biomechanics Courses
Article 20

Any active or honorary member of the association can ask the Biomede certification for a biomechanics course (residential, blended or online only), that takes place in any country in the world.
Requisites to obtain a certification are the following:

  • An active or honorary member must teach for at least 50% of the course education time.

  • The program of the course must be submitted to and approved by the committee.

  • The course must include a final proficiency test included in a form that must be submitted to and approved by the committee.

  • Results of the final proficiency test must be transmitted to the committee within 30 days after the course.

  • The organizer must allow free participation to active members of Biomede. However, due to practical needs, this allowance can be limited even to one single member. This limitation should be communicated to the committee at the time of certification request.

The committee will take an unchallengeable decision based on the recommendation of the Councilor in charge of Course certifications within 2 months by the request of the member.

Once a course has been certified, it can be repeated in other places and dates, without the approval of the committee if the program and final test are not significantly modified and if it is held by the same speaker(s)

Biomede Cultural Credits
Article 21

Every certified course will provide to the participants that have attended the whole course and fulfilled the final proficiency test a specific number of Biomede Cultural Credits (BCC). The amount of BCC provided by a course will be established by the committee with criteria correlated to the duration, complexity and organization of the course. A doctor who will have collected a specific number of BCC can apply to be a Biomede Certified Doctor (See ARTICLE 5.d).

Signature and Representation
Article 22

The Association is legally bound by the individual signature of the President.

Various Provision
Article 23

The financial year shall begin on 1 January and end on 31 December of each year.

Article 24

Should the Association be dissolved, the available assets should be transferred to a non-profit organization pursuing public interest goals similar to those of the Association and likewise benefiting from tax exemption. Under no circumstances should the assets be returned to the founders or members. Nor should they use a part or the total of assets for their own benefit.


The present Statutes have been approved by the Constituent General Assembly of Biomede in Lugano as of
January 25th, 2018

For the Association

President, Dr. Giorgio Fiorelli

Secretary General, Dr. Tsang Tsang She